So what makes a good joint venture?
Rule number one is that the potential sum of the total must be more than the sum of the parts. In other words, each joint venture partner must end up better off than they would individually. It’s too easy to forget that time, energy and money goes into maintaining a successful alliance. Whatever your motives, here are some things you might want to think about:
Alliances are all about relationships built on trust and mutual interest. They require the respect and interaction of people in each business. Joint ventures, like good personal relationships, require effort to build.
All relationships are based on a degree of give and take. It is no different for joint ventures in business or professional services. Each party has to give something and get something in return. If you are the instigator, it's important to be clear about what you have to offer your potential partner.
Each party needs to contribute resources to the arrangement. This doesn’t necessarily have to be monetary, but each needs to be prepared to dedicate people and time to the venture. Someone in each business needs to be recognised as having responsibility for the joint venture.
Alliances take time to build and also to maintain. The optimal path is to work together on a small project or at least establish a beach head that can be named as the joint venture – some activity that can be readily translated and scaled later after some “chemistry” is established and parameters defined.
Good communications are always more about listening than telling. Be all ears. Listen to your potential partners. What they tell you will not only give you clues about their needs, but may influence your thinking in ways you've never even imagined.
5. Strategic thinking
While alliance building does always have immediate benefits (although you should set out with that intention), it can be ruinous if not thought about in a strategic manner. When all is said and done both sides want something out of the deal. The initiator needs to take into account a number of risks:
Thinking too small: Too often, a business owner or practitioner asks the potential joint venture partner for an endorsement in return for putting the partner's logo on the company's website. That's not strategic.
Thinking only of what the potential partner can do for your business or professional practice: There needs to be a situation where both parties gain something; otherwise, they're not real or equal partnerships.
While the parties might be all warm and fuzzy when agreeing on an alliance, the terms need to be set out in writing. The truth is each party may actually have very different expectations about how the agreement will work in practice. Without their arriving at a true meeting of the minds, the deal they've signed or verbally agreed on may sour.
The most common cause of problems with joint ventures is the lack of clearly defined expectations. The parties invariably form expectations about how the agreement will be carried out, whether they discuss it or not. Even if initially compatible, those expectations can silently shift in response to actions taken, even though no overt negotiation takes place. It’s clearly in the parties' best interest to make their expectations explicit and negotiable.